Selkirk, elisabeth (1980) prosodic domains in phonology: sanskrit revisited in: mark aronoff and mary-louise kean (eds) juncture saratoga, ca: anma libri, pp 107–129 selkirk, elisabeth (1981) epenthesis and degenerate syllables in cairene arabic in: hagit borer and joseph aoun (eds) theoretical issues in the. The salient constraint on arabic stems is final consonantality which whether it is the directionality, degenerate syllable or kiparsky's mora licensing of a following syllable in onset dialects, the second syllable is obligatorily filled by epenthesis the following examples in (18) are from egyptian when a word with a final. Technical report noruccs-tr-2 new brunswick, nj: rutgers university center for cognitive science 51 selkirk, e 1981 epenthesis and degenerate syllable in cairene arabic in h borer and y aoun eds,theoretical issues in the grammar of semitic languages mit working papers inlinguistics 3,. In (isi)ndebele, the featural qualities of the two vowels straddling a word boundary and the morphological contexts at which the hiatal configurations occur determine what process repairs vowel hiatus hiatus resolution is also invariably onset and feature driven: driven by preferred syllable structure rules(pssrs) and. Epenthesis and degenerate syllables in cairene arabic in borer, h & aoun, j ( eds) theoretical issues in the grammar of semitic languages (mit working papers in linguistics 3), cambridge: department of linguistics, mit, 111-140 selkirk, e (1986) on derived domains in sentence phonology phonology yearbook. In the 1970s, phonologists investigated cairene arabic (ca) sylla- ble structure and found it to be the domain of some phonological processes, such as emphatic spread cvc syllables light word final but heavy word internally, limitations on consonant clusters in certain po- sitions of a word, and epenthesis.
And second, the discussion provides evidence that some constraints can be relativized, namely relativizing parse-σ to syllable weight keywords: cairene arabic, arabic word stress, optimality theory, constraint ranking 1 introduction word stress in arabic in general and in cairene arabic in particular has been. Syllable modern dialects follow the assumed rules of classical arabic (§31) whereby stress is assigned to a final superheavy (cvvc, cvcc, or cvvgg) syllable, as in cairene, a penultimate post-cvc syllable with an epenthetic the rightmost c forms a degenerate syllable, ie a syllable with an empty nucleus. How to cite this article: ellen broselow, su-i chen and marie huffman (1997) syllable weight: convergence of phonology and phonetics phonology, 14, pp levantine facts with those of egyptian arabic, which uses a strategy of degenerate (monomoraic) feet prevents the initial syllable in this case from.
Of s-y kuroda, 1991 184, 1991 government and tonal phrasing in papago am zwicky, em kaisse, k hale, e selkirk phonology 4 (1), 151-183, 1987 164, 1987 epenthesis and degenerate syllables in cairene arabic e selkirk theoretical issues in the grammar of semitic languages mit working papers, 1981. Cairene arabic syllable structure optimality theory consonant clusters epenthesis deletion colloquial cairene spoken arabic cite this paper aquil, r epenthesis in makkan arabic: unsyllabi fied consonants vs degenerate syllables output configuration in phonolo gy: epenthesis and syncope in cairene arabic. Keywords: arabic dialects, constraints, epenthesis, harmony, opti- mality theory 1 introduction palestinian arabic material (in sections 2 and 4) illustrates some important modes of explanation provided by ot i will show that the epenthesis and degenerate syllables in cairene arabic in mit working papers in.
This study acoustically compares lexically short vowels in palestinian arabic to vowels that are underlyingly long, but the process studied here, closed syllable shortening, differs from vowel epenthesis in several ways first in palestinian in egyptian, all /cvvc/ syllables shorten in non-final position. Abdalla, albert g (1960): an instrumental study of the intonation of egyptian colloquial arabic, unpubl abu-mansour, m h (1990): “epenthesis, gemination and syllable structure” perspectives on arabic linguistics, ii, degenerate syllables”, perspectives on arabic linguistics, iii papers from 3rd annual. Consonants can be syllabified as 'degenerate' (vowel-less) syllables broselow suggests that arabic dialects vary how they treat the 'stray' third consonant in a ccc sequence: in iraqi a stray consonant is syllabified into a (temporarily) vowel- less rhyme, in cairene a vowel-less rhyme is not permitted, so the stray consonant. Structure in arabic the range of variation in syllable structures across different dialects the competing analyses of other dialects, as illustrated by the pronunciation of 'dog' as [kalb] in cairene arabic but as [kalib] in eastern libyan arabic epenthesis and degenerate syllable in cairene arabic in: h borer and j aoun.
This note was first posted, in essentially its present form, as an electronic text in the rutgers optimality archive (fall 1993) we gratefully acknowledge significant help from discussions and correspondence with junko itô, ellen broselow, john mccarthy, alan prince,cheryl zoll, and pasc editors jason merchant and. The paper aims to analyze tunisian arabic (ta) open monosyllables in terms of moras within the constraint-based of notions such as 'degenerate syllables' ( selkirk, 1981), and semisyllables (kiparsky, 2003) a consequential -selkirk, elisabeth (1981) epenthesis and degenerate syllable in cairene arabic in h borer. Some of the most salient differences among arabic vernaculars have to do with syllable struc- ture empty nucleus, a minor syllable, in his terminology)7 a degenerate syllable treatment has been worked out by do it by epenthesis ( baabiha), and some middle egyptian dialects accommodate superheavy syllables as is.